6 Replies Latest reply: Jan 27, 2014 5:01 PM by kliles
gretchen0921 Level 1 Level 1 (0 points)

How do I install a internal hard drive in my mac book.


MacBook, Mac OS X (10.6.3)
  • 1. Re: installing a hard drive on my macbook.
    Kappy Level 10 Level 10 (226,700 points)
    1. Put the new drive in an external enclosure.
    2. Partition and format the new drive.
    3. Clone the old drive to the new drive.
    4. Remove the old drive.
    5. Install the new drive.

     

    How to replace or upgrade a drive in a laptop

     

    Step One: Repair the Hard Drive and Permissions

     

    Boot from your OS X Installer disc. After the installer loads select your language and click on the Continue button. When the menu bar appears select Disk Utility from the Installer menu (Utilities menu for Tiger, Leopard or Snow Leopard.) After DU loads select your hard drive entry (mfgr.'s ID and drive size) from the the left side list.  In the DU status area you will see an entry for the S.M.A.R.T. status of the hard drive.  If it does not say "Verified" then the hard drive is failing or failed. (SMART status is not reported on external Firewire or USB drives.) If the drive is "Verified" then select your OS X volume from the list on the left (sub-entry below the drive entry,) click on the First Aid tab, then click on the Repair Disk button. If DU reports any errors that have been fixed, then re-run Repair Disk until no errors are reported. If no errors are reported click on the Repair Permissions button. Wait until the operation completes, then quit DU and return to the installer.

     

    If DU reports errors it cannot fix, then you will need Disk Warrior and/or Tech Tool Pro to repair the drive. If you don't have either of them or if neither of them can fix the drive, then you will need to reformat the drive and reinstall OS X.

     

    Step Two: Remove the old drive and install the new drive.  Place the old drive in an external USB enclosure.  You can buy one at OWC who is also a good vendor for drives.

     

    Step Three: Boot from the external drive.  Restart the computer and after the chime press and hold down the OPTION key until the boot manager appears.  Select the icon for the external drive then click on the downward pointing arrow button.

     

    Step Four: New Hard Drive Preparation

     

      1. Open Disk Utility in your Utilities folder.

     

      2. After DU loads select your new hard drive (this is the entry with the

          mfgr.'s ID and size) from the left side list. Note the SMART status of

          the drive in DU's status area.  If it does not say "Verified" then the drive

          is failing or has failed and will need replacing.  Otherwise, click on the

          Partition tab in the DU main window.

     

      3. Under the Volume Scheme heading set the number of partitions from

          the drop down menu to one. Set the format type to Mac OS Extended

          (Journaled.) Click on the Options button, set the partition scheme to

          GUID  then click on the OK button. Click on the Partition button and

          wait until the process has completed.

     

      4. Select the volume you just created (this is the sub-entry under the

          drive entry) from the left side list. Click on the Erase tab in the DU main

          window.

     

      5. Set the format type to Mac OS Extended (Journaled.) Click on the

          Options button, check the button for Zero Data and click on OK to

          return to the Erase window.

     

      6. Click on the Erase button. The format process can take up to several

          hours depending upon the drive size.

     

    Step Five: Clone the old drive to the new drive

     

      1. Open Disk Utility from the Utilities folder.

      2. Select the destination volume from the left side list.

      3. Click on the Restore tab in the DU main window.

      4. Check the box labeled Erase destination.

      5. Select the destination volume from the left side list and drag it to the

          Destination entry field.

      6. Select the source volume from the left side list and drag it to the

          Source entry field.

      7. Double-check you got it right, then click on the Restore button.

     

    Destination means the new internal drive. Source means the old external drive.

     

    Step Six: Open the Startup Disk preferences and select the new internal volume.  Click on the Restart button.  You should boot from the new drive.  Eject the external drive and disconnect it from the computer.

  • 2. Re: installing a hard drive on my macbook.
    kliles Level 1 Level 1 (0 points)

    Thanks for such complete instructions, that's really helpful.

     

    Why not just install the new drive into the laptop, then use a time machine backup to get it set up (as opposed to putting the old drive in an enclosure and cloning it to the new drive)?

  • 3. Re: installing a hard drive on my macbook.
    Kappy Level 10 Level 10 (226,700 points)

    You can do that if you have a full Time Machine backup and have done the steps to first prep the new drive. However, you need to boot from something, and a Time Machine backup is not bootable which is why I do not provide that as a solution to the problem.

  • 4. Re: installing a hard drive on my macbook.
    kliles Level 1 Level 1 (0 points)

    OK, I guess I'm missing something here.  The steps 1-5 at the top of your response don't seem to line up with the detailed instructions below, but they also don't seem to come before the detailed steps. All of the detailed steps make sense to me except the first one. Is the step shown below supposed to apply to the existing hard drive or the new one? I ask because your very first step in the short list is "put the new drive in the external enclosure".

     

    Step One: Repair the Hard Drive and Permissions

     

    Boot from your OS X Installer disc. After the installer loads select your language and click on the Continue button. When the menu bar appears select Disk Utility from the Installer menu (Utilities menu for Tiger, Leopard or Snow Leopard.) After DU loads select your hard drive entry (mfgr.'s ID and drive size) from the the left side list.  In the DU status area you will see an entry for the S.M.A.R.T. status of the hard drive.  If it does not say "Verified" then the hard drive is failing or failed. (SMART status is not reported on external Firewire or USB drives.) If the drive is "Verified" then select your OS X volume from the list on the left (sub-entry below the drive entry,) click on the First Aid tab, then click on the Repair Disk button. If DU reports any errors that have been fixed, then re-run Repair Disk until no errors are reported. If no errors are reported click on the Repair Permissions button. Wait until the operation completes, then quit DU and return to the installer.

     

    If DU reports errors it cannot fix, then you will need Disk Warrior and/or Tech Tool Pro to repair the drive. If you don't have either of them or if neither of them can fix the drive, then you will need to reformat the drive and reinstall OS X.

     

  • 5. Re: installing a hard drive on my macbook.
    Kappy Level 10 Level 10 (226,700 points)

    It's a preliminary step to assure the old system is without disk and permissions errors. That's all it's for.

  • 6. Re: installing a hard drive on my macbook.
    kliles Level 1 Level 1 (0 points)

    OK thanks.