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What capture and sequence settings to scan pics in FCP 6 to see all of pic on 4:3 TV?

439 Views 5 Replies Latest reply: Feb 5, 2013 2:28 PM by Warren Heaton RSS
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Feb 5, 2013 7:43 AM

Using FCP 6, and Epson V500 Photo scanner.  What settings should be used on scanner, re: pixel resize, and in FCP capture and sequence setting, to see entire pic if customer has 4:3 TV when creating slideshow and burning to DVD?  Can same setting be used if they have 16:9, so copy of DVD can be sent to other family member with 4:3.?

Final Cut Pro 6, Scan pics setings
  • David Harbsmeier Level 7 Level 7 (29,560 points)

    >>What capture and sequence settings to scan pics in FCP 6 to see all of pic on 4:3 TV?<<


    Very rarely are photos in a perfect 4:3 or 16:9 aspect ratio, so in order for the entire picture area to be seen, you'll most likely end up with black areas on the screen that the picture doesn't cover.  Placing a background on a track lower than the image in FCP's timeline would fill in the black areas ... if so desired.


    As for scanning, if you're working in a SD Sequence and don't plan to push into or pan across the image over its duration, scan the images so the pixel dimensions most closely match the pixel dimensions of your Sequence.  For example, for 'portrait' oriented images scan so the vertical height in pixels matches the Sequence's pixel height; e.g.; if you're working in a DV NTSC Sequence with a vertical height of 480 pixels, set the scanner software to that dimension and let the software automatically set the horizontal dimension.  For a 'landscape' oriented picture, scan for 740 pixels wide and let the software automatically set the vertical pixel dimension.


    Of course, this is assuming your scanning software has a pro mode that lets you set the pixel dimensions in the first place.  I've had several Epson scanners over the years and every version of the EpsonScan software I've used does have a professional mode.


    If you do plan to push, pull or pan across the image in FCP, scan for pixel dimensions about 2 to 2.5 times the size of the image - more if you plan to go tighter. Keep in mind that DPI has nothing to do with image quality in FCP or when viewing on a TV, but it does relate to pixel dimensions in most scanning software.



  • Warren Heaton Level 3 Level 3 (540 points)

    If you want an exact match, use this formula: output/source*dpi=scan_rez


    However, you could also just oversample all your scans (scan at each image at a resolution that's more than high enough for your edit settings)


    I'd recommend that you work in FCP using the "HDV-Apple Intermedia Codec 1080i60" Easy Setup.  (Although, a custom 1920x1080 Apple ProRes 1080i60 Sequence would be ideal, HDV AIC 1080i60 will keep the storage requirements and data transfer rates fairly low).


    The tricky thing is that even though frame size is HDV 1440x1080, you want to think of it in terms of it's display size of 1920x1080 while scanning your source artwork.  HDV squeezes what would be 1920x1080 to 1440x1080.


    David's suggestion of oversampling by 2 to 2.5 times is a good one (so, you want your scanned images to fall into the 3640x2160 range).  If you go larger, you'll run the risk of bogging down FCP (and literally getting "Out of Memory" errors).  You probably don't need any image to be wider or taller than 4000 pixels.


    While you create your slideshow in FCP working at 1080i60, bare in mind the "center cut" area (as if the 1920x1080 were to be cropped to 1440x1080).  If you have set the Viewer and Canvas to show the Title Safe overlays, the center cut area is marked by tiny little hashes.  In broadcast video graphics, you try to always completely fill the frame with picture.  Keeping with this, you would drop your 3640x2160 image (or whatever size it turns out to be) and never scale it small enough or allow it to be positioned such that you see the default black of the Canvas.  At the same time, if it is important to see the entire image as it was originally photographed, scale it such that it fits in the center cut area.


    When you export your edited master and then encode that for DVD-Video, you can set DVD Studio Pro for Widescreen, Letterbox and/or PanScan.  (By the way, are you using DVD Studio Pro, iDVD, or something else?).





  • David Harbsmeier Level 7 Level 7 (29,560 points)

    If you're delivering on DVD and since DVD is standard definition only, it would probably be best to start off in a standard definition Sequence for editing, rather than having to downconert from HD after editing.



  • Warren Heaton Level 3 Level 3 (540 points)

    While letting the final delivery format determine your source settings, edit settings and edited master settings is sound reasoning, I'd still opt to use at least HDV-Apple Intermediate Codec settings instead of DV NTSC Anamoprhic.  While the encode time might be a bit longer, Compressor will encode from HDV 1080i60 AIC clip just as well as DV 480i60.  And, unless the the workstation is a G5 or older, it should not put too much overhead on the Mac doing the editing.


    With a HDV 1080i60 AIC edited master, export options open up to Blu-ray, H264 and HD YouTube, Vimeo, Tumblr, etc.


    Also, video is shifting to UltraHD (4k) and 8k.  That being the case, an HD master is a strong choice.


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