Is there a way to share albums created in iphoto on the iphone with the iphoto on the mac?
No, there is not yet a way to do that. Albums created on the iPhone cannot be synced back to the mac.
You might try other ways to send photos back to the mac in a structured way, depending on your IOS version:
- You could use Journals instead of albums. If you share a Journal, you can see it on your Mac. http://support.apple.com/kb/PH3152
- Or create shared photo streams. iCloud: Using and troubleshooting Shared Photo Streams