The entire disk (the topmost, non-indented icon in Disk Utility) has a single "partition-scheme", which can be GUD, Apple Partition Map, or Master Boot Record. You want this overall partition scheme to be GUID.
Contained within that disk are one or more volumes (partitions), and each volume (indented icon in Disk Utility) has its own "volume format". Choices of volume format include Mac OS X Extended, Mac OS Extended (Journaled), FAT32, etc. "HFS+" is essentially synonymous with "Mac OS X Extended." Journalling is an added feature which can be turned on and off at any time. You routinely want the volume format to be Mac OS X Extended (Journaled).
You should use Disk Utility to set up the overall disk partition scheme as GUID, containing two volumes that are each formatted as OS X Extended (Journaled). For details, see this CCC help page.
In step 4, choose "2 partitions" and then use the slider to adjust the sizes of the partitions.
hotwheels 22 wrote:
I'm reading up and getting some help from the list here but I see I am missing a couple of pieces of information.
This thread of mine will fill you in.