In a VM you won't but you should ask Parallels Support, not us, and they do have forum, KB and support FAQs. And gpu or video or graphics ===
A lot of people use GTX 570's with more memory instead too but you are up against XP limits and why use legacy program from decade ago.
If I run "virtual WindowsXP" via Parallels on MacPro with "Nvidia Quadro 4000 video card made for Mac", -
would virtual Windows fully utilize or even be able to utilize that video card?
I use Fusion, not Parallels, and as The hatter says, you're best bet is to raise the question with Parallels support, but generally, the virtualizing software presents its own virtual graphics card to the VM and it's the virtualizing software which then makes better or worse use of your actual GPU behind the scenes. I assume when you say "virtual WindowsXP" you're referring to a virtual machine of XP rather than XPMode, which is a free "virtual WindowsXP" running within Windows 7 Pro as a "nested" virtual machine using VirtualPC.