AirDrop works between Macs running OS X. It does not work with iDevices.
A cool Air Drop workaround for sharing items between your iOS device (iPhone, iPad, iTouch) and your Mac is to use Apple Message. Simply drag drop any item into Apple Message on the Mac, or copy/paste it on the iOS device and send a message to yourself.
Hopefully Apple will consider adding AirDrop to iOS since I think it would encourage folks to stay Apple loyal.