If you have a TM back up, see if you can restart holding the Option key and select the TM back up to boot into. You'll get the same OS X Utilities screen as you see with the Recovery HD. From there try to Verify/Repair your MBP. Or if you have a clone you can boot into use that. Or if you created a Recovery HD on a USB thumb drive using the OS X Recovery Disk Assistant, use that.
You could also boot from your original installation DVD that came with the MacBook Pro. Hold down the "C" key while starting with the DVD. Then use Disk Utility to see if your internal drive is functioning.
It may be that your hard drive has failed. That would explain why you can't boot to the Recovery partition. If it has, it underlines the importance of making and keeping a backup.