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Your printer is compatible with Mavericks > http://support.apple.com/kb/HT3669?viewlocale=en_US&locale=en_US
The easiest way is to turn on your printer, connect it to your Mac, open System Preferences > Print & Scan and press the + button. Your printer should show up automatically, and Mac OS X will install the driver for this printer.
Another option is to download the printer driver from the Apple site > http://support.apple.com/kb/dl894
I have the same problem, trying to install a Brother printer driver for the HL-2250DN on a MBP runing 10.9.1. I've tried downloading and installing the saoftware from the Brother site, have tried everything suggested above, and each time Apple tries to install the driver i get the same error message
"can't install the software because it is not currently available from the software Update server".
Just found a solution which involves resetting the printer settings:
To Reset the Printer Setting:
1) Open "System Preferences"
2) Select the "Print & Scan" pane
3) Right click (or control click) anywhere in the "Printers" window (in the white space below any of your existing printers)
4) Select "Reset Printing System..."
That will reset the printing settings, and should happen immediately. You'll know if it worked because any existing printers you had previously set up will disappear from your printers list. Once the system has been reset, click on the "Add printer" button and add the printer that you're trying to add.
As any other printers you had previously added are deleted you'll have to add them again.
Hope that helps