The replacement battery could be defective.
Have you contacted the vendor or seller to
ask what their policy is regarding return or
Also, the computer may need to have some
kind of 'reset' if a known-good replacement
battery has issues being seen or charging.
Check 'system management controller' (SMC) reset
or maybe NVRAM/RAM reset
You should not need to 'calibrate' a new one
So there are a few more thoughts...
Good luck & happy computing!