Go to Finder and select your user/home folder. With that Finder window as the front window, either select Finder/View/Show View options or go command - J. When the View options opens, check ’Show Library Folder’. That should make your user library folder visible in your user/home folder. Select Preferences/com.apple.finder.plist. Move the .plist to your desktop.
Re-launch Finder by logging out/in and test. If it works okay, delete the plist from the desktop.
If the same, return the .plist to where you got it from, overwriting the newer ones.
Thanks to leonie for some information contained in this.
You might need to redo the View settings after an update.
I have updated to Mavericks now. I have a mix of experiences with this.
My new Finder window will always open with the configuration I want. That's good. So whenever I can, I start browsing from there.
New folders will still be created with Apple's default window size and configuration. However, if I browse to the new folder via the New Finder Window, it will be displayed using the configuration I want. That is because the New Finder Window will maintain the display options for all folders I browse to.
So the problem here is really when opening folders directly. Like when they're mounted on the desktop.
If you just want to resize the Finder window and have it open in a specific location here is what you do:
-Open a Finder window by clicking on the Desktop and then using Command-N or File>New Window. Keyboard commands are faster.
-Without doing anything else go down to the lower right corner and size the window the way you want. Then grab the top of the window and position it where you want.
-Press and hold Command-W and the window will close. Don't use the red button in the upper left corner. Always use Command-W.
-Wait a couple of seconds and open the finder window again. It should open to where you just positioned it. If it doesn't then repeat the above and wait longer after closing the window.
This will work for any hard drive you have on your dock, I have Finder windows open in different locations for different drives, and using the Picasso Mac in your Dock, the blue smiley face, should open a different window depending on the OS you are using, and how you have your Mac set up. This may reset after a restart. It does with OS 10.6.8.
I have had this same problem since "upgrading" to Yosemite, now to 10.10.3. and the steps outlined don't work.
I can't follow the instructions given to create a new folder etc., as the options aren't there, presumably because Yosemite has changed them.
Create a new folder on the Desktop (CMD+SHIFT+N), open it, select View-View Options (CMD+J), set the window to your desired size and type view (either icon or list view: I prefer the latter), select always open, and then click Use as Defaults button. That should retain your setting and every other folder you open for the first time should also inherit those settings.
I can't now follow these parts:
" (either icon or list view: I prefer the latter), select always open, and then click Use as Defaults button."
There is no option for icon or list view. There is a always open in columns view but no Use as Defaults button.
Also, I would like the width of each column to be as wide as the widest text in any given column. Why doesn't OSX do this automatically?
Is there a solution as its a real pain to constantly widen these?