Thanks for reaching out to the Apple Support Communities.
I understand that you are having an issue with your Music app crashing. It's important to make sure that you can use your Music app, so I'll be happy to help.
You've done some good troubleshooting by deleting and reinstalling the Music app. Since you are still having an issue, I would suggest a reinstall of iOS.
First, use this article to make sure that you have a backup of your iPhone: How to back up your iPhone, iPad, and iPod touch. Then, use this article to reinstall iOS: If you can‘t update or restore your iPhone, iPad, or iPod touch. Note: This article is intended to be for a different issue but following steps 1-5 will help you reinstall iOS without erasing data.
Once you've completed the reinstall, test and see if you get the same result.